Let's take care of our land of plenty!

The Pays de Cocagne Sustainable Development Group's (PCSDG) mission is to engage citizen participation towards the sustainability of Cocagne watershed communities
Several terms are used to describe climate change. Definitions listed in the glossary come from reports produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Climate change adaptation: The process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In some natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects.

Climate change: refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forces such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions and persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use.

Climate impacts: effect of climate change on natural and human systems.

Climate risks: the potential for adverse consequences on lives, livelihoods, health, ecosystems and species, economic, social and cultural assets, services (including environmental services) and infra-structure.

Flooding scenarios: “worst case flooding” is the case when high tide and a storm surge happen at the same time. With average sea level rising over time because of climate change, these worst case floods will become larger for all areas of the New Brunswick coast.

  • High Tide is the point at which water levels are at their highest. With some parts of New Brunswick being home to the highest tides in the world, it is important to consider the tides when determining how high flood levels can reach.
  • Storm Surge is an increase in the tide level compared to what was predicted, usually caused by low pressure. In Atlantic Canada, the largest storm surges are often caused by intense late fall and winter storms, and sometimes from hurricanes that track along the eastern United States.

    When a storm surge happens at the same time as high tide, “worst case flooding” results. Wind and wave effects can also increase levels of flooding.


Hazards: the potential occurrence of a natural or human-induced physical event or trend or physical impact that may cause loss of life, injury, or other health impacts, as well as damage and loss to property, infrastructure, livelihoods, service provision, ecosystems and environmental resources.

Resilience :The capacity of social, economic and environmental systems to cope with a hazardous event or trend or disturbance, responding or reorganizing in ways that maintain their essential function, identity and structure, while also maintaining the capacity for adaptation, learning and transformation.

Vulnerability: The propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected. Vulnerability encompasses a variety of concepts and elements including sensitivity or susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to cope and adapt.

 

 

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